Population: 3,879,000,000 inhabitants (2008)
Density: 89 inhabitants per sq. km
The five largest cities are:
- Bombay (India) 12147100
- Seoul (South Korea) 11153200
- Jakarta (Indonesia) 10810400
- Karachi (Pakistan) 10272500
- Manila (Philippines) 10133200
Asia is by far the largest continent in the world in terms of area and is covered by four of the World Health Organization (WHO)'s six regions (i.e., the Eastern Mediterranean, European, South East Asian and Western Pacific).
Most Asian countries continue to perform poorly on most social indicators, something that is reflected in their human development indices. With the onset of structural adjustment reforms, even the policy commitment to free, universal healthcare has quietly slipped into the wings. The shifting emphasis on fiscal management and structural adjustment has restricted the public sector's role to 'regulation' and little more.
Evidently, healthcare provision is no longer the business of the state, as against universal and equitable provision of healthcare, which is not only a basic human right, but also the prerequisite of a dynamic human resource. Without an elaborate healthcare system and effective population planning, focusing on women and children's healthcare, Asia cannot join the ranks of civilized nations.
The blue-ribbon Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), convened in 2005 by the World Health Organization (WHO) maintains that longevity and susceptibility to disease often have less to do with infections and genetics than with the social determinants of health - factors such as income, education, occupation, and access to services such as sanitation, good medical treatment, and decent housing.
Asian Studies is a distinct multidisciplinary field of scholarly enquiry and education that promotes a broad humanistic understanding of Asia past and present. Asian Studies is located within the broader field of Area studies and is also interdisciplinary in character, incorporating elements of the social sciences (anthropology, economics, sociology, politics etc.) and humanities (literature, history, film, etc.), among others.
The field encourages scholars from diverse disciplines to exchanges ideas on scholarship as it relates to the Asian experience and the experience of Asia in the world. In addition, the field encourages scholars to educate others to have a deeper understanding of, and appreciation and respect for, all that is Asia and, therefore, to promote peaceful human integration worldwide.
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, with millions of different peoples following a wide variety of different religions. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, and Sikhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism as well as many other beliefs.